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ENGLISH STUDIES____________________________________________

 

Our English Studies courses teach a love for beautiful words well constructed so that the student may communicate clearly and effectively.  As such, our classes incorporate grammar, spelling, narration, dictation, and copywork in the young years, with students moving into more formal composition and literary and poetry analysis beginning in the middle school or late grammar and early dialectic years. The composition portion of our classes is based on classical methodology, including an emphasis on the progymnasmata (progym). Materials used at Heritage are a combination of First Language Lessons, Spell to Write and Read (SWR), Grammar for the Well Trained Mind, Institute for Excellence in Writing (IEW), The Write Foundation (TWF), Cottage Press, and our own curriculum materials.  Click Here for an overview of our K-12 English Studies program. 

 

Kindergarten Foundations:  

 The aim in Kindergarten is to expose our children to the beauty and order of words in a four-pronged fashion including spelling, reading, writing, and grammar so that that they will be able to make the proper use of language automatic.  Regarding spelling: Kindergartners at Heritage will spend their year memorizing the varied phonetic sounds of the English alphabet. They will begin to use these phonograms as the basis for building words through exposure to a four year, comprehensive spelling program which will begin in earnest in the First Grade.  Regarding reading: Through the instruction of their parents at home, they will work their way through an introductory reading program. Heritage Learning recommends using Teach Your Child to Read in 100 Easy Lessons by Siegfried Engelmann. While developing their basic reading skills, parents and classroom instructors will read aloud to the children acquainting them with delightful literature centered in Europe and South America and connecting it with the geography and history of those regions. Regarding writing: at this level, Kindergartners at Heritage will learn how to write the letters of the alphabet and begin to put them together to form basic words through their spelling program. To reinforce this, they will also practice copywork-based penmanship, with the goal that they be able to work up from five to ten minutes per day. As further preparation for writing, the skills of memory work, copying, and oral narration will be employed in a very basic course in English grammar designed to train their ears to listen to and practice correctly spoken language, to train their attention through the skill of oral narration, and to begin instruction in the beginning skills of grammar, capitalization, and punctuation.  Additionally, they will also memorize a poem every 3-6 weeks increasing their awareness of the beauty and delight of the English language.

 

Curriculum & Supplies  

Spelling:

  • HL Dry erase print or cursive letter book ($12)

Reading:  

  • Instructional Reading:  

    • Recommended for Beginning Readers:  Teach Your Child to Read in 100 Easy Lessons by Siegfried Engelmann($15.00)

    • For Growing Readers:  McGuffy Readers, Pathways Readers, Elson Readers

  • Delightful Reading:  

    • Used in the classroom for stories & enrichment activities; optional for home:  Around the World with Picture Books Part II:  Europe and Asia by Rea Berg of Beautiful Feet

    • The Adventures of Winnie-the-Pooh by A.A. Milne. (under review)

Grammar:  

  • Lessons 1-50 used in the classroom; optional for home:  First Language Lessons For the Well-Trained Mind, Level 1 by Jessie Wise ($16.95)

Writing:

  • Beautiful Words Journal K:  HL produced writing journal including reading illustration boxes and weekly poetry selections. ($15)

  • Optional for home use of additional copywork exercises in lessons 1-50:  First Language Lessons For the Well-Trained Mind, Level 1 by Jessie Wise

 

First Grade Foundations:  

 The aim in First Grade is to introduce our children to the beauty and order of words in a four-pronged fashion including spelling, reading, writing, and grammar so that that they will be able to make the proper use of language automatic.  Regarding spelling: First Graders at Heritage will spend their year reviewing the sounds of the English alphabet while adding to their knowledge the remaining 49 phonograms used in the English language. They will begin to use these phonograms as the basis for building words in level one of a four-year, comprehensive spelling program which also contributes to their growing reading abilities. Regarding reading: students will practice reading using a parent-selected and leveled instructional reading program.  Please see below for some suggested programs which expose readers to a variety of quality writers and classic literature and employ phonetic decoding strategies. While developing their basic reading skills, parents and classroom instructors will read aloud to the children acquainting them with delightful literature centered in Europe and South America and connecting it with the geography and history of those regions. Regarding writing: students will continue to develop their handwriting skills through daily copywork practice, 5-10 minutes per day. As further preparation for writing, the skills of memory work, copywork, dictation, and oral narration will be employed in basic course in English grammar designed to train their ears to listen to and practice correctly spoken language, to train their attention through the skill of oral narration, and to begin instruction in the beginning skills of grammar, capitalization, and punctuation. Additionally, they will also work to memorize a poem every 3-6 weeks increasing their awareness of the beauty and delight of the English language.

 

Curriculum & Supplies:  

Spelling:  

  • Spell to Write and Read ($31.50)

  • WISE Guide for Spelling ($31.50)

  • SWR Primary Learning Log ($6)

Reading:  

  • Instructional Reading:  

    • For Beginning Readers:  Teach Your Child to Read in 100 Easy Lessons by Siegfried Engelmann($15.00)

    • For Growing Readers:  McGuffy Readers,, Pathways Readers, Elson Readers

  • Delightful Reading:  

    • Used in the classroom for stories & enrichment activities; optional for home:  Around the World with Picture Books Part II:  Europe and Asia by Rea Berg of Beautiful Feet

    • The Adventures of Winnie-the-Pooh by A.A. Milne. (under review)

Grammar:  

  • First Language Lessons For the Well-Trained Mind, Level 1 by Jessie Wise ($16.95)--lessons 51-100 used in the classroom and at home

Writing:

  • First Language Lessons For the Well-Trained Mind, Level 1,by Jessie Wise --copywork and lessons 51-100 used in the classroom and at home

  • New Students:  HL Dry Erase Cursive Letter Practice Book ($12)

  • Beautiful Words Writing Journal I:  HL produced writing journal including 2 days of copywork, reading illustration boxes with lines for a caption, lined pages for dictation and narration exercises, and weekly poetry selections. ($15)


 

Second Grade Foundations:  

The aim in Second Grade is to continue to demonstrate to our children the beauty and order of words in a four-pronged fashion including spelling, reading, writing, and grammar so that that they will be able to make the proper use of language automatic. Regarding spelling: Second Graders at Heritage will begin their year reviewing the 75 phonograms used in the English language. They will continue to use these phonograms as the basis for building words in level two of a four year, comprehensive spelling program while reinforcing their increasing reading abilities. Regarding reading: students will practice reading using a parent-selected and leveled instructional reading program.  Please see below for some suggested programs which expose readers to a variety of quality writers and classic literature and employ phonetic decoding strategies. While developing their basic reading skills, parents and classroom instructors will read aloud to the children acquainting them with delightful literature centered in Europe and South America and connecting it with the geography and history of those regions. Regarding writing: they will continue to develop their handwriting skills through daily copywork practice, 5-10 minutes per day, write sentences from dictation, and compose 1-2 sentence narrations so that they may begin to learn how to express their ideas in written form.  These skills of memory work, copying, dictation, and oral narration will be augmented in a basic course in English grammar designed to train their ears to listen to and practice correctly spoken language, to train their attention through the skill of oral narration, and to begin instruction in the beginning skills of grammar, capitalization, and punctuation. Additionally, they will also memorize a poem every 3-6 weeks increasing their awareness of the beauty and delight of the English language.

 

Curriculum & Supplies  

Spelling:  

  • Spell to Write and Read ($31.50)

  • WISE Guide for Spelling ($31.50)

  • SWR Primary Learning Log ($6)

Reading:  

  • Instructional Reading:  

    • For Beginning Readers:  Teach Your Child to Read in 100 Easy Lessons by Siegfried Engelmann($15.00)

    • For Growing Readers:  Parent's choice: McGuffy Readers, Pathways Readers, Elson Readers

  • Delightful Reading:  

    • Used in the classroom for stories & enrichment activities; optional for home:  Around the World with Picture Books Part II:  Europe and Asia by Rea Berg of Beautiful Feet

    • The Adventures of Winnie-the-Pooh by A.A. Milne. (under review)

Grammar:  

  • First Language Lessons For the Well-Trained Mind, Level 2 by Jessie Wise ($13.99)

Writing:

  • First Language Lessons For the Well-Trained Mind, Level 2 by Jessie Wise--provides additional copywork, dictation, & narration exercises

Beautiful Words Writing Journal II:  HL produced writing journal including 2 days of copywork, reading illustration boxes with lines for a caption, lined pages for dictation and narration exercises, and weekly poetry selections. ($15)


 

Third Grade English:  

The aim in Third Grade is to continue to make the proper use of language second nature through the four-pronged disciplines of spelling, reading, writing, and grammar.  Regarding spelling, third Graders at Heritage will begin their year reviewing the 75 phonograms used in the English language. They will continue to use these phonograms as the basis for building words in level three of a four year, comprehensive spelling program while reinforcing their increasing reading abilities.  Regarding reading: students will practice reading using a parent-selected and leveled instructional reading program. Please see below for some suggested programs which expose readers to a variety of quality writers and classic literature and employ phonetic decoding strategies. While developing their basic reading skills, parents and classroom instructors will read aloud to the children acquainting them with delightful literature centered in Europe and South America and connecting it with the geography and history of those regions.  Regarding writing, they will continue to develop their handwriting skills through daily copywork practice, 5-15 minutes per day. Through their course in English grammar, they will also begin to prepare for writing by focusing on the way in which words are put together to form sentences in addition to completing exercises in letter writing, dictionary skills, and oral usage. In addition, students will compose 2-4 sentence narrations as they practice expressing their ideas and thoughts in written form while continuing their training in the rules and conventions of English grammar and mechanics.  Poetry memorization will continue at this level with one poem memorized and recited every 3-6 weeks.

 

Curriculum & Supplies:  

Spelling:  

  • Spell to Write and Read ($31.50)

  • WISE Guide for Spelling ($31.50)

  • SWR Primary Learning Log ($6)

Reading:  

  • Instructional Reading:  

    • For Beginning Readers:  Teach Your Child to Read in 100 Easy Lessons by Siegfried Engelmann($15.00)

    • For Growing Readers:  Parent’s choice: McGuffy Readers, Pathways Readers, or Elson Readers

  • Delightful Reading:  

    • Used in the classroom for stories & enrichment activities; optional for home:  Around the World with Picture Books Part II:  Europe and Asia by Rea Berg of Beautiful Feet

    • The Adventures of Winnie-the-Pooh by A.A. Milne. (under review)

Grammar:  

  • First Language Lessons For the Well-Trained Mind, Level 3 by Jessie Wise (Teacher’s Manual: $22.00; Student Workbook:  $15.00)--provides grammar instruction & exercises in analyzing and diagramming sentences

Writing:

  • First Language Lessons For the Well-Trained Mind, Level 3 by Jessie Wise & Sara Buffington--provides additional copywork, dictation, & narration exercises, letter writing exercises, development in dictionary skills, and practice in oral usage

 

Fourth Grade English:  

The aim in Fourth Grade is to solidify the proper, automatic use of language through the four-pronged disciplines of spelling, reading, writing, and grammar.  Regarding spelling, Fourth Graders at Heritage will begin their year reviewing the 75 phonograms used in the English language. They will continue to use these phonograms as the basis for building words completing the four-year, comprehensive spelling program begun in First Grade.  Regarding reading, they will finish working through level four of an instructional reading program where they will be exposed to a variety of quality writers and delightful literature while cementing their phonetic ability to decode words and delighting them with beautiful language.  Regarding writing, they will continue to develop their handwriting skills through daily copywork practice, 10-15 minutes per day. Through their course in English grammar, they will continue to prepare for writing by using the classical techniques of memorization, dictation, and narration while covering a full range of grammar topics, including parts of speech, punctuation, sentence diagrams, and skills in beginning writing, storytelling, and dictionary skills.  Poetry memorization will continue at this level with one poem memorized and recited every 3-6 weeks.

 

Curriculum & Supplies:  

Spelling:  

  • The WISE Guide for Spelling by Wanda Sanseri ($35), used K-5th

  • SWR Primary Learning Log ($6)

Reading:  

  • Instructional Reading: Parent’s choice: McGuffy Readers, Pathways Readers, or Elson Readers

  • Family read-alouds in literature and history

  • Student’s choice of quality books, 30 minutes per day

Grammar:  

  • First Language Lessons For the Well-Trained Mind, Level 4 by Jessie Wise (Teacher’s Manual: $22.00; Student Workbook:  $18.00)--provides grammar instruction & exercises

Writing:

  • Curriculum under review, TBA ($25-30)


 

Fifth Grade English:  

The aim in Fifth Grade is to move from acquiring information about language use into learning how to analyze language, to understand how and why language works, and to embark upon the artful composition of written and spoken language..  To accomplish this Fifth Graders at Heritage will begin a four year grammar program transitioning them from basic definitions to a detailed analysis of complex sentence structure. The student who completes this program (5th-8th grade) will have the language usage and mechanical skills needed for the study of rhetoric--the art of persuasive and eloquent speaking and writing. In addition, students at this level will begin to explore and practice a variety of structural models to help them organize their writing so as to gain greater independence and creativity. The focus will be upon summarizing from references, creating usable outlines and exploring narrative, expository, and essay writing. Grading rubrics with checklists and guidelines will be provided, allowing students to learn attention to detail and to carefully follow instructions.  Teachers are also encouraged to have students write across the disciplines. Additionally, stylistic techniques designed to help students begin to achieve eloquence are also taught. Upon completion of this course, students are very ready to continue learning how to organize and enhance their writing. Poetry memorization will also continue at this level with one poem memorized and recited every 6-8 weeks.

 

Curriculum & Supplies:

  • Writing Curriculum under review TBA ($25-30)

  • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Core Instructor Text ($34.95--used 5-8)*

    • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Student Workbook 1 ($39.93--)*

    • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Student Workbook 1 Key ($15.95)*

    • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Comprehensive Handbook of Rules--used 5-8($17.95)*

*Note:  First year of Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind can be purchased as a package set for $108 with subsequent workbooks/keys for 6-8 to be purchased later for ~$50/year



Sixth Grade: 

The aim in Sixth Grade is to move from acquiring information about language use into learning how to analyze language, to understand how and why language works, and to embark upon the artful composition of written and spoken language..  To accomplish this Sixth Graders at Heritage will continue their second year of a four year grammar program transitioning them from basic definitions to a detailed analysis of complex sentence structure. The student who completes this program (5th-8th grade) will have the language usage and mechanical skills needed for the study of rhetoric--the art of persuasive and eloquent speaking and writing. In addition, students at this level will continue to practice a variety of structural models to help them organize their writing so as to gain greater independence and creativity. The focus will be upon summarizing from references, creating usable outlines and practicing narrative, expository, and introductory essay writing. Grading rubrics with checklists and guidelines will be provided allowing students to practice attention to detail and to carefully follow instructions. Teachers are also encouraged to have students write across the disciplines.  Additionally, stylistic techniques designed to help students begin to achieve eloquence are also taught. Upon completion of this course, students are ready to move into more inventive writing in the form of the formal essays and critiques. Poetry memorization will also continue at this level with one poem memorized and recited every 6-8 weeks.


 

Curriculum & Supplies:

  • Writing Curriculum, under review ($25-30)

  • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Core Instructor Text ($34.95--used 5-8)*

    • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Student Workbook 1 ($39.93--)*

    • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Student Workbook 1 Key ($15.95)*

    • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Comprehensive Handbook of Rules--used

 

*Note:  First year of Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind can be purchased as a package set for $108 with subsequent workbooks/keys for 8th grade to be purchased later for ~$50/year

Seventh Grade English:  

The aim in Seventh Grade is to move from acquiring information about language use into learning how to analyze language, to understand how and why language works, and to embark upon the artful composition of written and spoken language.  To accomplish this Seventh Graders at Heritage will continue their second year of a formal grammar program transitioning them from basic definitions to a detailed analysis the language usage and mechanical skills needed for the study of rhetoric--the art of persuasive and eloquent speaking and writing. In addition, students at this level will continue to practice a variety of structural models to help them organize their writing so as to gain greater independence and creativity. The focus will be upon summarizing from references, creating usable outlines and practicing narrative, expository, formal essay, and critical writing. Grading rubrics with checklists and guidelines will be provided allowing students to practice attention to detail and to carefully follow instructions. Teachers are also encouraged to have students write across the disciplines.  Additionally, stylistic techniques designed to help students begin to achieve eloquence are also taught. Upon completion of this course, students are well prepared to begin composing five paragraph essays. Poetry memorization will also continue at this level with one poem memorized and recited every 6-8 weeks.

 

Curriculum & Supplies:

  • Writing Curriculum under review- TBA

  • **New students only:  Continued from 2018-2019.

    • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Core Instructor Text ($34.95--used 5-8)*

    • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Student Workbook 1, continued($39.93--)*

    • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Student Workbook 1 Key ($15.95)*

    • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Comprehensive Handbook of Rules--used 5-8($17.95)*

*Note:  First year of Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind can be purchased as a package set for $108 with subsequent workbook/key for grade 8 to be purchased later for ~$50/year


 

Eighth Grade English:  

The aim in Eighth Grade is to move from acquiring information about language use into learning how to analyze language, to understand how and why language works, and to embark upon the artful composition of written and spoken language.  To accomplish this Eighth Graders at Heritage will complete a formal grammar program transitioning them from basic definitions to a more detailed analysis of complex sentence structure. The program is designed to equip students with the skills needed for the study of rhetoric--the art of persuasive and eloquent speaking and writing--and to prepare them to use language with precision and eloquence.  In addition, students will begin to move through successive exercises in literary analysis, comprehension, and imitation and composition structured around the fable and narrative stages of the progymnasmata. Specifically, students will begin training in the art of narrative retelling developing skills which will propel them into the rhetoric stage of writing where they be able to discuss and defend what is true, beautiful, and good in a public forum, prepared for all of life’s writing assignments. Checklists and grading rubrics will be used to allow students to work at a mostly independent level developing self-editing techniques and attention to detail.  Poetry memorization will also continue at this level with one poem memorized and recited every 6-8 weeks.

 

Curriculum & Supplies:

  • Writing Curriculum under review TBA

  • **New students only:  Continued from 2018-2019.

    • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Core Instructor Text ($34.95--used 5-8)*

    • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Student Workbook 1, continued($39.93--)*

    • Grammar for the Well-Trained Mind Student Workbook 1 Key ($15.95)*

 

Ninth-Twelfth Grade English:  

The aim in the high school years is to equip the students to express themselves with fluency, grace, eloquence, and persuasiveness.  As students enter the rhetoric stage of learning, they will begin to use the knowledge and skill of the logical argument to write and speak about all the subjects in the curriculum.  In order to accomplish this, this class will focus on composing essays structured on the progymnasmata, a series of 14 exercises used by Greek and Roman scholars to train students in elegant and effective composition.  These exercises provide the student with an expanding repertoire of topics and outlines that are applied to advancing practice with the expository and persuasive five-paragraph essay. The writing sequence is emphasized:  Plan, Write, Amplify, Revise, and Edit. The class also includes continued instruction in poetry designed first and foremost to delight. Students are also taught to scan poems by identifying rhyme, meter, stanza form, and other literary devices.  Students learn to identify and employ figures of speech and figures of description in order to supply them with copia----”an abundant and ready supply (or storehouse) of language,”  Students will complete this course having become organized, independent, and confident writers prepared for all of life’s writing requirements including--but not limited to--academic and college-level composition.

Curriculum & Supplies: TBA